2010 Manual of Regulation for Private Schools – The DepEd
III. THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Section 11. Authority, Accountability and Responsibility. The Department of Education is vested with authority, accountability and responsibility for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education.
Section 12. Head of the Department. The Department is headed by a Secretary of Education assisted by such Undersecretaries and Assistant Secretaries as may be provided for by law.
Section 13. Powers, Duties and Responsibilities of the Secretary. The
Secretary of the Department of Education shall exercise overall authority and supervision over the operations of the Department.
In addition to his/her powers under existing laws, the Secretary of Education shall have authority, accountability and responsibility for the following:
1. Formulating national educational policies;
2. Formulating a national basic education plan;
3. Promulgating national educational Standards;
4. Monitoring and assessing national learning outcomes;
5. Undertaking national educational research and studies;
6. Enhancing the employment status, professional competence, welfare and working conditions of all personnel of the Department; and
7. Enhancing the total development of learners through local and national programs and/or projects.
Section 14. Organization. The Department is organized into two (2) major structural components, namely: the Central Office and the Field Offices.
Section 15. The Central Office. Is composed of the Office of the Secretary, Service Offices, Bureaus and Centers.
Section 16. Major Services. The major services of DepEd Central Office are the following;
1. Administrative – It shall be responsible for providing services related to, supplies and equipment and shall take charge of collection and disbursement of funds, security and custodial work.
2. Financial Management – shall provide and/or assist budgetary, financial, and management matters.
3. Human Resource Development – shall develop and administer a personnel program which shall include: selection and placement; classification and pay, career development, performance evaluation, employee relation and welfare. It shall also act on matters concerning attendance, leaves, appointments promotions and other personnel transactions; and shall develop and implement an integrated plan for staff development of personnel in the central and the field offices.
4. Planning – shall develop annual, short-term, medium-term and long-term plans of the Department in accordance with the Department’s objectives and goals.
5. Legal – It shall exercise the following functions:
■ provide legal advice to the Secretary, Undersecretaries/Assistant Secretaries and Chief of Bureaus/Centers/Services/Divisions of the Department;
■ interpret laws and rules affecting the operation of the Department;
■ prepare and review contracts/MOAs and instruments to which the Department or any of its bureaus, agencies or offices is a party and interpret provisions therein;
■ prepare action/indorsement on complaints, letters, communications, etc. assigned to it by law and rules or by the Secretary;
■ prosecute and investigate administrative cases/complaints filed against employees of the Department and prepare report/decisions thereon;
■ review decisions/resolutions on appealed cases to the Department and prepare decision/resolution thereon;
■ prepare legal opinions for the Secretary and issue clearances/certificates of no pending administrative cases/charges;
■ prepare resolution on petition for correction of name/date/place of birth in school records;
■ determine and designate next of kin of deceased DepEd employees/teachers of unpaid wages, salaries, and accumulated leaves and retirement benefits;
■ prepare action on Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws of private educational institutions and request for tax exemption and duty – free importation of educational materials, equipment, etc.;
■ assist the Solicitor General in representing the Department or its official in court litigations and pass upon claims for benefits under Section 699, Revised Administrative code, as amended by P.D. 626; and
■ perform such other functions as may be provided/authorized by law, rules and regulations.
Section 17. Bureaus of the Department. The Bureaus of the Department comprise of the following;
1. Bureau of Elementary Education shall perform the following functions:
a. Conduct studies and formulate, develop, and evaluate programs
and educational standards for elementary education including
b. Undertake studies necessary for the preparation of prototype
curricular designs, instructional materials, and teacher training
programs for elementary education including preschool; and
c. Formulate guidelines to improve pre-elementary and elementary
school physical plants and equipment, and general management of
2. Bureau of Secondary Education shall perform the following functions:
a. Conduct studies and formulate, develop and evaluate programs
and educational standards for secondary education;
b. Develop curricular designs, prepare instructional materials, and
prepare and evaluate programs to update the quality of the
teaching and non-teaching staff at the secondary level;
c. Formulate guidelines to improve the secondary school physical
plants and equipment, and general management of these schools.
3. Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) shall perform the
a. Address the learning needs of the marginalized groups of the population including the deprived, depressed and undeserved citizens;
h. Coordinate with various agencies for skills development to enhance and ensure continuing employability, efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness in the labor market;
c. Ensure the expansion of access to educational opportunities
for citizens of different interest, capabilities, demographic
characteristics and socio-economic origins and status; and
d. Promote certification and accreditation of alternative learning
programs both formal and informal in nature of basic
The Divisions in the BALS shall be as follows:
1. Literacy Division – shall be responsible for establishment of a more systematic, effective and efficient program implementation for the basic level alternative (nonformal and informal) education throughout the country. It shall provide for the development of a more appropriate curriculum, learning resources, and other related activities for the basic literacy needs, functional education, critical life skills and values development of out-of-school children (below 15), youth (15-24) and adults (above 24) nationwide.
2. Continuing Education Division – shall provide Out-of-School Youth and Adults continuing learning opportunities and experience after the acquisition of basic literacy. It shall be designed to improve a viable alternative to the existing formal education structure. It is intended to address the needs of the Out-of-School Youth and Adults who can not avail of formal schooling.
3. Staff Development Division – shall strengthen the institutional and staff capacities of the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) and field levels in designing, managing and evaluating Alternative Learning System (ALS) programs and projects.
Section 18. The Centers of the Department. The Centers of the Department each headed by a Director comprise of the following:
1. The National Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC) -The NETRC shall undertake educational research, evaluation and assessment to determine the effectiveness of the educational system.
2. School Health and Nutrition Center (SHNC) – The SHNC shall perform the following functions:
a. Plan, direct and coordinate the Integrated School Health and
b. Assist in the formulation and promulgation of rules and
regulations pertaining to health services in education;
c. Provide guidelines for the school feeding program; and
d. Establish inter/intra agency linkages to strengthen program
3. Educational Development Projects Implementing Task Force
(EDPITAF) EDPITAF shall perform the following functions:
a. Supervise and implement foreign-assisted development projects;
b. Implement other development projects as may be assigned by
4. National Science Testing Instrumentation Center (NSTIC) – The
NSTIC shall perform the following functions:
a. Develop prototype science teaching implement and materials
such as using indigenous materials and locally available
technology and adopted to approved curriculum user’s manual;
b. Develop and prescribe standards for science teaching equipment
c. Provide training programs for science teachers; and
d. Assist the private sectors in developing its capability to mass-
produce the prototype science teaching equipment developed by
5. Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (IMCS) – The IMCS shall
perform the following functions:
a. Formulate and adopt policies, guidelines and priorities for the
development and production of textbooks, supplementary and
reference books, and other instructional materials for use in
public elementary and secondary schools consistent with the
curricula, courses of study and relevant policies established by
b. Adopt criteria and standards for the fair and objective evaluation
of textbook manuscripts and other instructional materials
submitted for its review and consideration and for the
procurement of these materials.
National Educators Academy of the Philippines (NEAP) – NEAP shall perform the following functions:
a. Formulate policies, standards and guidelines relevant to human
resources development thrust;
b. Develop continuing human resource development programs for
school managers, potential educational leaders and teachers;
c. Promote synergic partnership and linkage with center of
excellence, local and international, from both government and
d. Provide continuing assessment and evaluation mechanism to
insure quality training and development; and
e. Strengthen the capacity of the network of educational learning
centers through a systematic exchange and delivery of
Section 19. DepEd Field Offices. They consist of Regional Offices, Division Offices and Public Schools.
19.1. Regional Office – it is composed of provincial and city schools division and it has a Director, an Assistant Director and an office for programs, promotion and support, planning, administrative and fiscal services. DepEd Regional Office are as follows:
Region I – San Fernando City, La Union. It is composed of (13) divisions.
1. Pangasinan I
2. Laoag City
3. Ilocos Norte
4. Ilocos Sur
5. Pangasinan II
6. San Carlos City
7. Urdaneta City
8. La Union
9. Vigan City
10. Alaminos City
11. Candon City
12. San Fernando City
13. Dagupan City
Region II – Tuguegarao City, Cagayan. It is composed of (8) divisions.
5. Nueva Vizcaya
6. Tuguegarao City
7. Cauayan City
8. Santiago City
Region III – San Fernando City, Pampanga. It is composed of (17) divisions.
1. Nueva Ecija
2. Tarlac City
4. San Jose del Monte City
6. Cabanatuan City
8. Balanga City
9. Olongapo City
10. Angeles City
12. Muhoz Science City
13. Malolos City
14. Gapan City
17. San Fernando City
Region IV-A – Karangalan Elementary School, Karangalan Village, Cainta, Rizal. It is composed of (14) divisions.
2. Cavite City
5. Lucena City
6. Lipa City
8. Antipolo City
9. Sta. Rosa City
11. Batangas Province
12. Batangas City
13. Tanauan City
14. San Pablo City
Region IV-B – Meralco Ave., Cor. St. Paul Road, Pasig City. It is composed of (7) divisions.
3. Oriental Mindoro
4. Occidental Mindoro
5. Puerto Princesa City
7. Calapan City
Region V – Rawis, Legaspi City. It is composed of (13) divisions.
1. Legaspi City
Region VI – lloilo City. It is composed of (18) divisions.
|1.||La Carlota City|
|3.||San Carlos City|
Region VII – Lahug, Cebu City. It is composed of (19) divisions.
18. Guihulngan City
19. Naga City
Region VIII – Government Center, Candahug, Palo, Leyte. It is composed of (10) divisions.
1. Northern Samar
2. Eastern Samar
4. Tacloban City
6. Southern Leyte
8. Calbayog City
9. Ormoc City
10. Maasin City
Region IX – Airport Road, Tiguma, Pagadian City. It is composed of (8) divisions.
1. Zamboanga del Norte
2. Dapitan City
3. Dipolog City
4. Pagadian City
5. Zamboanga City
6. Zamboanga del Sur
7. Zamboanga Sibugay
8. Isabela City
Region X – Don Gregorio Pelaez Sports Complex, Velez St., Cagayan de Oro City. It is composed of (13) divisions.
1. Misamis Oriental
2. Cagayan de Oro City
5. Iligan City
6. Gingoog City
7. Lanao del Norte
8. Misamis Occidental
9. Ozamis City
10. Oroquieta City
11. Tangub City
12. Valencia City
13. Malaybalay City
Region XI – F. Torres St., Davao City. It is composed of (9) divisions.
1. Davao del Norte
2. Compostella Valley Province
3. Davao City
4. Davao del Sur
5. Davao Oriental
6. Digos City
7. Panabo City
8. Tagum City
9. Samal City
Region XII – Carpenter Hill, Koronadal City. It is composed of (9) divisions.
1. General Santos City
2. Cotabato City
5. South Cotabato
6. Sultan Kudarat
7. Koronadal City
8. Kidapawan City
9. Tacurong City
Region XIII (CARAGA) – J. Rosales St., Butuan City. It is composed of (9) divisions.
|1.||Agusan del Norte|
|2.||Agusan del Sur|
|6.||Surigao del Norte|
|7.||Surigao del Sur|
National Capital Region – Misamis St. Bago Bantay, Quezon City. It is composed of (16) divisions.
1. Marikina City
3. Caloocan City
4. Valenzuela City
5. Muntinlupa City
6. Pasay City
8. Mandaluyong City
9. Taguig City – Pateros
10. Makati City
11. Las Pihas City
12. Paranaque City
13. Pasig City
14. San Juan City
15. Navotas City
16. Quezon City
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) – Wangal, La Trinidad, Benguet. It is composed of (7) divisions.
3. Baguio City
7. Mt. Province
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) – Cotabato City. It is composed of (11) divisions.
1. Lanao del Sur l-A
2. Lanao del Sur ll-A
3. Lanao del Sur. Il-B
4. Lanao del Sur l-B
6. Sulu I
7. Sulu II
10. Marawi City
11. Lamitan City
19.2. Powers, Duties and Responsibilities of a Regional Director.
There shall be as many regional offices as may be provided by law. Each regional office shall have a director, an assistant director and an office staff for program promotion and support, planning, administrative and fiscal services.
Consistent with the national educational policies, plans and standards, the regional director shall have authority, accountability and responsibility for the following:
1. Defining a regional educational policy framework which reflects the values, needs and expectations of the communities they serve;
2. Developing a regional basic education plan;
3. Developing regional educational standards with a view towards bench-marking for international competitiveness;
4. Monitoring, evaluating and assessing regional learning outcomes;
5. Undertaking research projects and developing and managing region wide projects which may be funded through official development assistance and/or or other finding agencies;
6. Ensuring strict compliance with prescribed national criteria for the recruitment, selection and training of all staff in the region and divisions.
7. Formulating, in coordination with the regional development council, the budget to support the regional educational plan which shall take into account the educational plans of the divisions and districts;
8. Determining the organization component of the divisions and districts and approving the proposed staffing pattern of all employees in the divisions and districts;
9. Hiring, placing and evaluating all employees in the regional office, except for the position of assistant director;
10. Evaluating all schools division superintendents and assistant division superintendents in the region;
11. Planning and managing the effective and efficient use of all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the regional office, including professional staff development;
12. Managing the database and management information system of the region;
13.Approving the establishment of public and private elementary and high schools and learning centers; and
14. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities.
19.3. Division Office. A division shall consist,of a province or a city which shall have a schools division superintendent, at least one assistant schools division superintendent and an office staff for programs promotion, planning, administrative, fiscal, legal, ancillary and other support services.
Consistent with the national educational policies, plans and standards the schools division superintendents shall have authority, accountability and responsibility for the following:
1. Developing and implementing division education development plans;
2. Planning and managing the effective and efficient use of all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the division, including professional staff development;
3. Hiring, placing and evaluating all division supervisors and schools district supervisors as well as all employees in the division, both teaching and non-teaching personnel, including school heads, except for the assistant division superintendent;
4. Monitoring the utilization of funds provided by the national government and the local government units to the schools and learning centers;
5. Ensuring compliance of quality standards for basic education programs and for this purpose strengthening the role of division supervisors as subject area specialists;
6. Promoting awareness of and adherence by all schools and learning centers to accreditation standards prescribed by the Secretary of Education;
7. Supervising the operations of all public and private elementary, secondary and integrated schools, and learning centers; and
8. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities.