2010 Manual of Regulation for Private Schools – Administration
Section 51. Governing Body. Every private school shall have a governing board which shall exercise general supervision, have exclusive control and direction of all funds, prescribe policies, make rules and regulations and establish practices consistent with law for the governance and direction of the school.
Trustees of educational institutions organized as non-stock corporations shall not be less than five (5) nor more than fifteen (15). For institutions organized as stock corporations, the number and term of directors shall be governed by the provisions of the Corporation Code on stock corporations.
The control and administration of educational institutions shall be vested in
citizens of the Philippines. Trustees or directors of educational institutions shall
possess at least a bachelor’s degree.
Section 52. Rights of School Administrator. Subject to the limitation prescribed by law and the policies and regulations of the school’s governing board, the rights of the administrator of a private school shall be:
a. To plan, organize, and implement school policies and strategies of action
as may be necessary to carry out the objectives of the school;
b. To implement the development program of the school based on the
budgetary provisions approved by the governing board.
c. To exercise administrative jurisdiction over the school and its operations
in order to maintain peace and harmony in the realization of its approved
d. To determine whom to admit as students, based on fair, reasonable and
equitable admission and academic requirements, whom to appoint as
school personnel, what to teach, subject to the condition that the core
curriculum issued by DepEd shall be complied with and what instructional
materials and facilities to provide;
e. To adopt and enforce such measures, rules and standards as may be
necessary to maintain discipline among students, teaching and other
personnel of the school subject to reasonable regulations and supervision
of the Secretary or his duly authorized representative; and
f. To avail of the assistance of subordinate officials or personnel in the
implementation of the school management policies.
Section 53. Duties and Accountabilities of School Administrator. Subject to the limitations prescribed by law and policies and regulations of the school’s governing board, the duties and accountabilities of the administrator of a private school shall be:
a. To respect the authority of the school’s governing board as well as the
rights of the other members of the school community;
b. To plan, organize, and implement policies and strategies of action so that
each component unit of the school can direct its efforts toward the
attainment of its approved objectives;
c. To implement the policies and decisions of the school’s governing board
for the orderly, efficient, and effective management of the school;
d. To provide a healthy and wholesome school environment conducive to
e. To exercise the due diligence expected of a good father of a family in the
management of the school so as to prevent any damage or injury to life or
property inside or outside the school campus; and
f. To see to the financial viability of the school and to cause payment of its obligations when they become due.
Section 54. Chief Executive Officer. The person charged with the overall administration and management of each private school shall be known as President, Rector, Director or Principal or such other title as may be provided for in the organization thereof. As chief executive officer of the school, the President, Rector, or Principal shall be recognized as the school heads in relation to the Secretary or his duly authorized representative.
Section 55. Qualifications of the School Head. The school head, including his assistants, if any, shall possess such appropriate educational qualifications as may be prescribed by the Secretary and shall have adequate experience in school administration or management, or equivalent, at the time of his appointment.
The school head must (1) be a Filipino citizen, (2) possess at least a master’s degree or a professional license requiring at least a bachelor’s degree; (3) have adequate teaching experience, managerial competence and technical expertise in school management, or have a background of demonstrated service and competence in his previous field of endeavor, and (4) be of good moral character.
Section 56. Qualifications and Functions of the Principal. The principal in the elementary and secondary levels shall hold a master’s degree and should have at least five years of relevant teaching or of administrative experience.
The principal shall assist the school head in the attainment of the objectives of elementary or secondary education, and his functions and responsibilities explicitly stated by the schooj.
Section 57. Powers. In general, the school head shall have the responsibility of executing and implementing the policies and general plans laid down by the governing board of the private school and implementing the reasonable rules and regulations of the Department. The specific powers of the school head shall be defined in the by4aws of the school corporation. The authority of the school head shall be broad enough as to enable him to carry out successfully the development plan of the school, the policies of its governing board and the reasonable regulations of the Department.
Section 58. Term of Office and Conditions of Employment of School Head.
The term of office, compensation, benefits, and other conditions of employment of the school head of each private school, including his assistants, if any, shall be defined in and secured by a contract or appointment, which shall be the subject of agreement by and between the parties in consonance with law and the rules and standards of the school.
Unless exempted for certain valid reasons by the Secretary, the school head or his assistants, if any, shall serve on a full-time capacity.
Section 59. Qualifications of School Supervisory Official. A personnel of private schools assigned with supervisory instructional functions in the different levels of instruction shall have the following minimum qualifications which shall be duly supported by valid credentials:
1. Principal of kindergarten, elementary school – master of arts in education, or equivalent, with three years of successful teaching experience in the elementary grades or equivalent; and
2. Principal of secondary schools – Master of Arts in education, or equivalent, with three years of successful teaching experience in the high school or equivalent.
3. School personnel charged with supervisory academic functions in vocational/technical schools or courses shall possess appropriate educational qualifications as may be prescribed and at least one year of successful experience in the work regularly assigned to them.
The Secretary shall issue through regulation the guidelines on equivalencies of qualifications of school supervisory personnel, based on pertinent experience and number of curricular years for the completion of each course, among others.
Section 60. Conditions of Employment of a School Supervisory Official.-
The terms of office, functions, responsibilities, compensations, benefits, and other conditions of employment of school supervisory officials in each private school shall be defined in and secured by their appointments or contracts which shall be the subject of agreement by and between the parties in consonance with law, or the school rules and regulations.
Section 61. Qualifications and Functions of the Registrar. The registrar shall hold a bachelor’s degree and have at least three (3) years of training or experience in the servicing and maintenance of student academic records and related school work.
The Registrar shall be responsible for the school records of pupils and students, and his functions and responsibilities explicitly stated by the school. Unless otherwise indicated by the school, the Registrar shall be the principal contact person of the Department.
Every private school shall preserve and maintain the integrity and confidentiality of its pupils/students records. The issuance of pupils/students records shall be done by the Registrar in accordance with law and the regulations contained in this Manual.